Olika system i hjärnan för tonhöjd vid tal respektive musik?

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En essä som hävdar att hjärnan har två olika system för att hantera tonhöjd – ett som vi använder för tal, och ett som vi bara använder för musik. (Av Robert Zatorre och Shari Baum, 2012.)

Titel: Musical Melody and Speech Intonation: Singing a Different Tune

Författare: Zatorre, Robert J., Baum, Shari R.

Publikation: PLoS Biol

Volym: 10

Nummer: 7

Sidor: e1001372-

Publicerad: 2012

Sammandrag: Music and speech are often cited as characteristically human forms of communication. Both share the features of hierarchical structure, complex sound systems, and sensorimotor sequencing demands, and both are used to convey and influence emotions, among other functions [1]. Both music and speech also prominently use acoustical frequency modulations, perceived as variations in pitch, as part of their communicative repertoire. Given these similarities, and the fact that pitch perception and production involve the same peripheral transduction system (cochlea) and the same production mechanism (vocal tract), it might be natural to assume that pitch processing in speech and music would also depend on the same underlying cognitive and neural mechanisms. In this essay we argue that the processing of pitch information differs significantly for speech and music; specifically, we suggest that there are two pitch-related processing systems, one for more coarse-grained, approximate analysis and one for more fine-grained accurate representation, and that the latter is unique to music. More broadly, this dissociation offers clues about the interface between sensory and motor systems, and highlights the idea that multiple processing streams are a ubiquitous feature of neuro-cognitive architectures.

Länk till original: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1001372

Kategori: Hur hjärnan hanterar ... Musicerande, sång Musiklyssnande

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